Huaihua is a prefecture-level city in Hunan Province. It has direct jurisdiction over five counties (Yuanling, Chenxi, Xupu, Zhongfang, Huitong), five autonomous counties (Mayang Miao Autonomous County, Xinhuang Dong Autonomous County, Zhijiang Dong Autonomous Country, Jingzhou Miao and Dong Autonomous County, Tongdao Dong Autonomous Country), one county-level city (Hongjiang) and two districts (Hecheng, Hongjiang).
In 2021, under the strong leadership of the municipal party committee and the municipal government, the whole city adhered to the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era; conscientiously implemented the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech in his inspection of Hunan; fully implemented decisions and arrangements of the Party Central Committee, the State Council, the Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Government; adhered to the general tone of seeking progress while maintaining stability and coordinated epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development; managed to do a solid job of “six stability”, achieve the task of “six guarantees”, and fully implement the “Three Highlands and Four New Missions” strategy to build the “Three Cities and One Area” platform, namely, building Huaihua into a strategic gateway for the new land-sea passage in the west, a modern comprehensive logistics hub in the southwest, an ecological civilization center of five provinces (Hunan, Hubei, Chongqing, Guizhou and Guangxi), and a demonstration zone in the Wuling mountainous areas on high-quality development. Substantial efforts were also devoted to promoting the steady recovery of the economy, continuous optimization of economic structure, and quality and efficiency enhancement. Huaihua has made a good start in implementing the 14th Five-Year Plan and has obtained satisfying results on the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China.
The economy has recovered in an all-round way. According to preliminary calculations, the city’s gross domestic product (GDP) was 181.78 billion yuan, an increase of 8.4% over the previous year at comparable prices (the same below). Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 26.562 billion yuan, an increase of 9.4%; the added value of the secondary industry was 55.064 billion yuan, an increase of 9.7%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 100.155 billion yuan, an increase of 7.4%. Calculated by permanent residents, the city’s per capita GDP was 39,767 yuan, an increase of 9.0%.
Industrial structure has continued to undergo adjustment. The added value of the primary, secondary and tertiary industries accounted for 14.6, 30.3 and 55.1 percent respectively. Compared with the previous year, the primary and tertiary industries fell 1.0 and 0.7 percentage points respectively, while the secondary industry grew by 1.7 percentage points. The contribution rates of the primary, secondary and tertiary industries to Huaihua’s GDP were 17.5%, 33.4% and 49.1%, respectively.
Huaihua’s economy has shown improving momentum. The added value of the private economy was 126.701 billion yuan with an increase of 9.3%, accounting for 69.7% of the city’s GDP. Industry contributed to 30.1% of overall GDP growth.
At the end of the year, the city’s permanent residents population was 4.5595 million, down by 0.5%. In terms of urban and rural areas, the urban population was 2,193,700, an increase of 1.5%; the rural population was 2,365,800, a decrease of 2.3%. In terms of gender, the male and female population were 2.358 million and 2.2015 million, down by 0.05% and 1.0%, respectively. In terms of age, the population aged 0-15 increased by 1.2%, reaching 976,600; the population aged 16-59 dropped by 0.9% to 2,621,700; the population aged 60 and above declined by 1.0% to 961,200. The annual number of newborns was 34,700 with the birth rate standing at 6.39 per 1,000. The urbanization rate was 48.11% with an increase of 0.93 percentage points over the previous year.
For the whole year, 37,800 new urban jobs were created, a decrease of 1.2%. The registered urban unemployment rate was 3.66% at the end of the year, an increase of 1.26 percentage points. 18,500 unemployed found jobs, registering a 3.2% decline.
The city’s total output value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery reached 47.862 billion yuan, an increase of 10.5%. Among them, the agricultural output value was 23.003 billion yuan, up by 4.2%; the forestry output value was 3.407 billion yuan, up by 12.6%; the output value of animal husbandry and fishery increased by 18.0% and 3.7%, reaching 18.912 and 1.504 billion yuan, respectively.
The city was home to 4,587 agricultural product processing enterprises with an increase of 5.0%, among which there were 65 leading enterprises above the provincial level, including two national leading ones. The business income of agricultural product processing enterprises amounted to 58.2 billion yuan, a growth of 8%, with the total profit reaching 3.01 billion yuan, an increase of 2.0%. The operating income of leisure agriculture hit 2.08 billion yuan, up by 26.0%. The number of farmers’ professional cooperatives increased 12% to 8,372 with 250,000 members, registering an increase of 4.0%. The number of family farms grew by 27.0% to 2,978. The city developed 2.12 million mu (about 0.14 million hectares) of high-standard farmland, marking an increase of 17.0%. 273 landmark agricultural products obtained organic/green certification, an increase of 26.4%. Among them, there were 256 certifications for green agricultural products with an increase of 28.6%, two certifications for organic agricultural products, and 15 for agricultural products with geographical indications.
The city set up one state-level modern agricultural industrial park, 80 provincial-level and 82 municipal-level modern agricultural industrial parks, up by 11.1% and 41.4%. The number of leisure agriculture business entities reached 649 with an increase of 28.0%; leisure agriculture and rural tourism received eight million person-times of tourists, registering an increase of 23.1%. The breeding area of famous, special and fine aquatic products increased 0.01% to 26,200 mu (about 1,747 hectares), with the output reaching 12,632 tons, an increase of 0.02%. The comprehensive planting and breeding area of paddy fields increased 2.7% to 390,300 mu (26,020 hectares). The cropland trusteeship programs covered an area of 33,000 mu (2,200 hectares), an increase of 3.5%. The straw returning area reached 3.903 million mu (260,200 hectares). 45,023 rural public toilets were rebuilt.
The industrial added value completed by the city reached 44.964 billion yuan, an increase of 10.8%, accounting for 24.7% of the city’s GDP, up 1.5 percentage points over the previous year.
The value added of industries above designated size increased by 10.6%, 5.0 percentage points higher than the previous year. In terms of economic types, the value added created by state-owned enterprises increased by 15.9%, that of collective enterprises increased by 10.8%, that of joint-stock enterprises increased by 12.3%, that of foreign, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan invested enterprises decreased by 14.9%, and that of other types of enterprises increased by 6.7%.
In terms of different industries, the value added of agricultural and sideline food processing industry increased by 13.8%, that of food manufacturing industry increased by 15.6%, that of wine, beverage and refined tea manufacturing industry increased by 9.7%, that of the industry of petroleum processing, coking and nuclear fuel processing decreased by 37.0%, that of chemical raw material and products manufacturing industry increased by 3.4%, that of pharmaceutical manufacturing industry increased by 12.6%, that of chemical fiber manufacturing industry increased by 542.0%, that of non-metallic mineral products industry increased by 15.2%, that of ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry decreased by 4.0%, that of non-ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry increased by 29.1%, that of special equipment manufacturing industry increased by 9.5%, that of automobile manufacturing industry decreased by 8.3%, that of railways, ships, aerospace and other transportation equipment manufacturing industry decreased by 43.8%, that of computer, communications and other electronic equipment manufacturing industry increased by 57.3%, and that of electricity, heat production and supply sector fell 15.4%.
The construction industry of the whole city achieved an added value of 10.139 trillion yuan, an increase of 5.2%, 0.7 percentage points higher than that of the previous year. The housing construction area increased by 9.7% to 726,600 square meters, of which the newly started area was 299,100 square meters, an increase of 77.8% and the completed housing area was 350,200 square meters, a decrease of 14.6%.
The city’s service industry enterprises above designated size achieved operating income of 10.198 billion yuan with a total profit of 559 million yuan, taxes and surcharges of 202 million yuan, and a value-added tax payable of 169 million yuan. At the end of the year, 31,600 workers were employed.
The city’s total tourism revenue was 40.353 billion yuan, an increase of 18.1%. The number of domestic tourists increased by 19.9% to 45.7406 million with the revenue of 40.352 billion yuan, an increase of 18.1%. There were 52 tourist attractions in the city, including 13 4A and above tourist spots.
The annual railway freight volume was 3.3248 million tons, an increase of 22.4%; the water freight volume was 3.9053 million tons, an increase of 21.6%; the civil aviation freight volume was 7.6 tons, a decrease of 36.7%; the pipeline freight volume was 28,000 tons, an increase of 8.8%. The turnover volume of waterborne cargo and pipeline freight was 1.152 billion and 18 million ton-km, up by 21.9% and 8.0%. The railway passenger volume was 8,965,600 people, an increase of 8.1%; the road passenger volume was 52,406,100, a decrease of 24.2%; the water passenger volume was 2,935,500, an increase of 0.5%; the air passenger volume was 349,200, a decrease of 9.6%. The road passenger turnover volume was 1.784 billion person-km, down by 18.3%; the water passenger turnover volume was 91 million person-km, up by 1.6%.
At the end of the year, the city’s mileage in highway open to traffic reached 20,900 kilometers, 0.2% higher than the previous year. The number of civilian vehicles increased by 8.9% to 505,500, among which there were 477,100 private cars with an increase of 9.1%, including 254,700 sedans, an increase of 10.2%.
The total volume of postal services for the year (at the constant prices of 2020) reached 1.096 billion yuan with an increase of 25.5%; the total amount of telecommunications business (at the constant prices of 2020) was 52.370 billion yuan with an increase of 31.7%. At the end of the year, the number of fixed-line users decreased by 9.2% to 236,800; while that of mobile phone users increased by 1.9% to 4,557,000. The broadband users reached 1,402,000, an increase of 7.0%.
The city’s completed fixed asset investment (excluding cross-regional investment) increased by 12.1%, 2.9 percentage points higher than the previous year. In terms of economic types, investment of state-owned enterprises decreased by 8.0%, that of non-state-owned enterprises increased by 26.5%, and private investment increased by 26.8%. In terms of types of registration, the investment of domestic enterprises increased by 10.9%., among which that of state-owned enterprises and collective enterprises increased by 11.2% and 94.3%. In terms of various industries, the completed investment in primary industry, secondary industry and tertiary industry increased by 20.8%, 14.1% and 10.6%, respectively. In terms of investment direction, completed industrial investment increased by 14.2%, completed infrastructure investment decreased by 7.3%, completed investment in people’s livelihood increased by 21.4%, completed investment in ecological environment increased by 36.9%, and investment in high-tech industries grew by 132.2%. In the whole year, there were 1,689 projects under construction with an increase of 16.8%, of which 903 were initiated this year, an increase of 15.6%; 1,100 projects were commissioned, an increase of 48.4%.
29.470 billion yuan was invested into real estate development, up by 11.2%; among which residential investment reached 24.610 billion yuan, an increase of 15.6%. The sales area of commercial housing was 6.8095 million square meters, a decline of 12.1%, of which residential living areas were 6.5274 million square meters, a decline of 11.5%; the sales of commercial housing reached 32.281 billion yuan, a decline of 10.7%, of which the sales of residential buildings were 29.509 billion yuan, a decline of 12.6%. At the end of the year, the area of commercial housing for sale was 378,300 square meters, down by 49.9%.
The city’s total retail sales of consumer goods reached 69.531 billion yuan, an increase of 14.6%, 17.0 percentage points higher than the previous year. In terms of the location of sales units, the sales in urban areas stood at 59.725 billion yuan, up by 15.2%, an acceleration of 17.5 percentage points; that in rural areas reached 9.806 billion yuan, up by 10.6%, an acceleration of 13.9 percentage points. In terms of different consumption patterns, the sales of wholesale trade reached 6.709 billion yuan with an increase of 14.9%, an acceleration of 14.5 percentage points; that of retail industry reached 53.075 billion yuan with an increase of 13.4%, an acceleration of 10.8 percentage points; that of accommodation industry reached 2.835 billion yuan with an increase of 17.8%, an acceleration of 20.6 percentage points; that of catering industry reached 6.913 billion yuan with an increase of 22.8%, an acceleration of 26.4 percentage points.
The city’s consumer price index (CPI) stood at 100.4%, down 2.2 percentage points from the previous year; by category, that of food, tobacco and alcohol was 98.0%, that of clothing was 100.9%, that of housing was 100.2%, that of daily necessities and services was 99.8%, that of transportation and communication was 104.4%, that of education, culture and entertainment was 100.5%, and that of health care was 105.2%. The city’s overall commodity retail price index was 101.4 percent, down 0.5 percentage points from the previous year.
The city’s import and export volume amounted to 1.985 billion yuan, indicating an increase of 37.2%. Among them, the total import value was 462 million yuan, up by 90.6%; the total export value hit 1.523 billion yuan, an increase of 26.4%. In terms of trade mode, the volume of general trade exports were 1.332 billion yuan, an increase of 16.2%; that of processing trade exports were 191 million yuan, an increase of 223.2%. In terms of key commodities, the export of mechanical and electrical products reached 772 million yuan, an increase of 47.9%; that of high-tech products reached 81 million yuan, an increase of 6.6%; that of agricultural products reached 37 million yuan, an increase of 13.0%.
In the whole year, the number of newly approved foreign-invested projects was 14 with an increase of 75.0%; the contractual utilization of foreign capital was 59.8 million US dollars, an increase of 59.6%; the actual utilization of foreign capital reached 22.25 million US dollars, up 11.0%. The actual use of capital from other provinces was 53.813 billion yuan, an increase of 32.8%.
The city’s general public budget revenue was 11.198 billion yuan with an increase of 12.5%, 8.0 percentage points higher than the previous year. Among them, local tax revenue was 7.903 billion yuan, an increase of 12.9%, accounting for 70.6% of the local general public budget revenue; non-tax revenue was 3.295 billion yuan, an increase of 11.5%. The city’s general public budget expenditure totaled 47.052 billion yuan, down by 2.3%. Among them, the people’s livelihood expenditure was 38.020 billion yuan with an increase of 3.1%, of which education expenditure was 8.755 billion yuan, down by 1.0%; expenditure on culture, tourism, sports and media was 698 million yuan, up by 16.1%; social security and employment expenditure was 6.884 billion yuan, up by 2.7%; health expenditure was 5.473 billion yuan, up by 10.5%; housing Security expenditure was 1.435 billion yuan, up by 11.9%.
At the end of the year, the balance of deposits in RMB and foreign currencies at financial institutions in the city reached 246.271 billion yuan with an increase of 7.3%, a decrease of 2.0 percentage points over the previous year. Among them, the balance of household deposits was 193.103 billion yuan, an increase of 11.1%; the balance of deposits of non-financial enterprises was 19.600 billion yuan, a decrease of 6.4%; the balance of government deposits was 33.374 billion yuan, a decrease of 3.1%; the balance of deposits of non-banking financial institutions was 138 million yuan, a decrease of 54.0%. At the end of the year, the balance of loans of financial institutions stood at 170.538 billion yuan with an increase of 12.3%, a decrease of 6.3 percentage points over the previous year. In terms of various industries, the balance of loans to agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery was 1.247 billion yuan, up by 5.2%; the balance of loans to manufacturing was 4.197 billion yuan, up by 22.5%; and the balance of real estate loans was 4.393 billion yuan, up by 6.5%. In terms of categories, short-term loans were 33.594 billion yuan, an increase of 21.8%; medium and long-term loans were 135.279 billion yuan, an increase of 9.8%; and personal consumer credit loans were 69.242 billion yuan, an increase of 10.5%.
The city raised a total of 605 million yuan through the issuance and transaction of stocks, an increase of 509.3%. One local company was listed on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange, and the number of domestic listed companies reached two by the end of the year. The total share capital of A-share listed companies was 286 million shares with the total market value reaching 7.765 billion yuan. The total direct financing volume was 9.664 billion yuan, an increase of 13.3%. Among them, the initial capital raised was 605 million yuan. At the end of the year, there were 14 business departments of securities companies with a transaction volume of 185.73 billion yuan.
The city’s insurance premium income was 7.466 billion yuan, an increase of 9.1%. Among which, life insurance premium income was 3.583 billion yuan, an increase of 11.8%; that of health insurance was 1.857 billion yuan, an increase of 17.8%; that of personal accident insurance was 177 million yuan, and that of property insurance was 1.848 billion yuan. The city’s spending on insurance compensation was 2.594 billion yuan, an increase of 9.8%. Among which, spending on life insurance compensation was 690 million yuan, an increase of 10.5%; spending on health insurance compensation was 778 million yuan, an increase of 12.8%; spending on personal accident insurance compensation was 72 million yuan, and spending on property insurance compensation was 1.053 billion yuan.
Four colleges and universities in the city enrolled 18,300 students with 62,500 campus students and 19,000 graduates. Adult higher education institutes enrolled 2,800 students with 11,600 campus students and 2,900 graduates. Institutes of secondary vocational education enrolled 20,700 students with 57,200 campus students and 14,800 graduates. The number of students enrolled in senior high schools was 32,000 with 88,800 campus students and 25,700 graduates. The number of students enrolled in junior high schools was 64,500 with 182,700 campus students and 58,800 graduates. The number of students enrolled in primary schools was 61,200 with 384,600 campus students and 64,400 graduates. There were 162,000 children in kindergartens, down by 0.9%. The enrollment rate of primary school-age children was 100%, the gross enrollment rate of senior high education was 93.0%, and the rate of primary school graduates entering middle schools was 100%. There were 601 private schools with 130,000 students. The city earmarked a sum of 662 million yuan for the implementation of compulsory education; distributed 53 million yuan of national bursaries for secondary vocational students, subsidizing 52,900 secondary vocational students; waived 97 million yuan of tuition for secondary vocational students, subsidizing 79,800 secondary vocational students; and distributed 48 million yuan of state grants for senior high schools. Additional 16,700 students were enrolled by public kindergartens.
The city had 138 inspection and testing institutions, an increase of 10.4%. Among which, there were 13 legal metrological verification institutions. There were 20 special equipment production units with 18,500 special equipment. 535 batches of quality supervision and random inspections of key industrial products were conducted, and the qualification rate of regular random inspections of key industrial products was 93.6%. 58,295 measuring instruments were compulsorily verified, and 20 local standards were formulated. There were 578 high-tech enterprises in the city, an increase of 3.2%; the output value of high-tech products was 99.532 billion yuan, an increase of 23.3%; the added value of high-tech products reached 33.513 billion yuan, an increase of 19.5%. There were six provincial engineering research centers (engineering laboratories), 28 nationally recognized enterprise technology centers, seven provincial engineering technology research centers, and six provincial key laboratories. The number of registration of scientific and technological achievements was one. 263 technical contracts were signed, an increase of 46.9%; the transaction volume of technical contracts reached 2.009 billion yuan, an increase of 96.6%. The number of authorized patents was 2,525, down by 11.1%. Among which, there were 314 invention patents, an increase of 108.0%.
The city had six arts and performance groups, 15 mass art museums and cultural centers, 14 public libraries, 12 museums (memorial halls), 16 catalogues of national intangible cultural heritage protection, and 38 catalogues of provincial intangible cultural heritage protection. The city’s comprehensive coverage percentage of broadcasting population was 99.55%, while the comprehensive coverage percentage of TV population was 99.76%.
There were 4,626 medical and health institutions in the city. Among which, there were 119 hospitals, 14 maternal and child health care centers (institutions, stations), 15 health supervision centers, two specialized disease prevention and treatment centers (institutions, stations), 19 community health service centers (stations), and 309 township health care centers, 931 clinics, health stations and infirmaries, and 3,168 village health clinics. There were 36,300 health technicians, including 13,400 licensed (assistant) physicians and 16,900 registered nurses. Township health care centers employed 6,928 health technicians and were equipped with 9,688 beds for patients. Free prenatal screening was provided for 30,900 pregnant and lying-in women.
There were 12,006 sports venues in the city, including four gymnasiums. The city had 471 sports facilities (stadium, small sports field and track-and-field ground), 47 swimming pools (swimming and diving venues), and 365 various sports training rooms. New sports and fitness projects were launched at 100 administrative villages.
The per capita disposable income of urban and rural residents was 21,635 yuan, an increase of 9.2%. The per capita disposable income of urban residents was 32,634 yuan, an increase of 7.6%. Among which, the salary income per capita was 19,299 yuan, an increase of 7.1%; the net operating income per capita was 3,766 yuan, an increase of 7.6%; the net transfer income per capita was 7,417 yuan, an increase of 9.1%; and the net property income per capita was 2,152 yuan, an increase of 7.1%. The per capita disposable income of rural residents was 13,321 yuan, an increase of 11.1%. Among which, the salary income per capita was 5,707 yuan, an increase of 13.7%; the net operating income per capita was 3,615 yuan, an increase of 8.2%; the net transfer income per capita was 3,807 yuan, an increase of 10.1%; and the net property income per capita was 192 yuan, an increase of 13.9%.
The per capita consumption expenditure of urban and rural residents expanded 9.2% to 16,862 yuan. The per capita consumption expenditure of urban residents reached 23,713 yuan, up by 5.8%; the Engel coefficient of urban households was 29.8%, an increase of 0.5 percentage points. The per capita consumption expenditure of rural residents reached 11,683 yuan, up by 13.8%; the Engel coefficient of rural households was 33.7%, an increase of 0.4 percentage points.
The number of registered participants in the basic endowment insurance for urban and rural residents was 2,827,700, down by 0.6%. 710,400 workers were covered by basic urban endowment insurance for senior citizens, an increase of 6.0%. Among which, the number of working people was 478,900 employees, an increase of 8.1%; that of retirees was 231,500, an increase of 1.9%. The number of workers participating in work-related injury insurance was 441,200, an increase of 8.6%. The number of workers participating in unemployment insurance was 332,900, an increase of 2.9%. The number of workers receiving unemployment insurance benefits was 3,900, down by 13.3%. The number of workers participating in maternity insurance was 266,100, up by 2.1%. The number of people covered by basic medical insurance was 4,715,800, including 4,288,100 covered by basic medical insurance for urban and rural residents, and 427,700 by basic medical insurance for urban workers.
A total of 340,800 urban residents received 141 million yuan of subsistence allowances; 1,379,100 rural residents received 354 million yuan of subsistence allowances. The number of beds in civil affairs institutions reached 11,754, with 11,278 nursing care beds in elderly care institutions. Civil affairs institutions provided accommodation for 4,679 people, including 4,495 in elderly care institutions. There were 2,867 community service institutions and facilities, including 2,096 elderly-care service institutions and facilities at the community level. In the whole year, a total of 335 million yuan worth of social welfare lottery tickets were sold, raising 106 million yuan of social welfare funds.
The city developed 2.12 million mu (about 0.14 million hectares) of high-standard farmland with an increase of 308,100 mu (20,540 hectares), up by 17.0%. The city launched 150 water conservancy projects, an increase of 2.7%. The investment in these projects totaled 1.267 billion yuan, an increase of 2.0%, and 28 million cubic meters earthwork was completed, an increase of 2.9%.
The air quality of the city’s 10 counties, one county-level city and two districts reached the national secondary standard. The proportion of surface water at or above Grade III in China’s five-tier water quality system reached 100%. The municipal sewage treatment rate reached 95.85%, and the harmless treatment rate of municipal solid waste reached 100%. The per capita area of public green land was 10.29 square meters.
The comprehensive energy consumption of large-scale industries in the city decreased by 1.3% year-on-year. The city’s large-scale industrial power generation totaled 20.613 billion kwh, down by 15.2%. The electricity consumption of the whole society was 12.304 billion kwh, up by 15.4%. Among which, industrial electricity consumption was 5.823 billion kwh, up by 18.8%; residential electricity consumption was 3.425 billion kwh, up by 5.5%.
In 2021, Huaihua tallied 58 production and operation safety accidents, in which 59 people were killed. The city recorded 0.03 production safety accident fatalities per 100 million yuan GDP. A total of 1,273 road traffic accidents occurred throughout the year, and the number of traffic deaths per 10,000 vehicles was 5.26.
(Translated by Yang Hong)